Introduction to Mental Health

What is Mental Health?

Mental Health is similar to physical health. In physical health, when you are healthy, you feel full of energy and able to work better. However, you can be physically unwell, and if you do not treat the illness early, could result in more serious health conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.

Mental Health refers to our mind, behavioural and emotions health instead. It refers to how we think, feel and behaviour as we cope with our lives. A person who is mentally health or having would feel good about themselves and not be overwhelmed by emotions such as fear, anger, jealousy, guilt or anxiety. They are able to handle life’s demands and handle the problems as they arise.

Like physical health, if a person becomes overwhelmed by negative emotions such as anxiety or fear, these emotions may cause a person to become mentally unhealthy, and if they are not treated early, could become mental illnesses such as depress or general anxiety disorders.

Remember, just like anyone can catch the flu or cough, anyone may also experience poor mental health when going through a stressful or anxious period in their lives.

What is Mental Wellbeing?

Mental wellbeing is a state where the person realises their own potential, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make contributions to the community.

What is Stress?

Stress is normal in our daily lives. We can feel stressed when we are behind a deadline for work, or when we find ourselves lacking money to last till the end of the month.

However, stress can be both GOOD and BAD to us.

Good stress

  • Gives burst of energy (e.g. when we are behind a deadline)
  • Help us meet daily challenges and motivate us to reach our goals
  • Help us accomplish tasks more efficiently

bad stress

If we are under the same stress for many weeks or months, it can be bad for us by:

  • Affecting our mental health (e.g. become hypervigilant or overly worried that prevents us from sleeping well)
  • Affecting our physical health (e.g. weakening our immune system)

How do I know if I am facing too much stress?

Our body helps to tell us if we are starting to struggle with too much stress. Look for these warning signs:


Constant headaches
Body aches and pain
Falling sick more often


Difficulty in concentrating or completing tasks
Constantly thinking about what worries you


Become irritated with everyone and everything around you
Become quick to get angry
Become more anxious than usual